Case Studies Cases & Current Investigations
On 18 September 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) issued a notice of violation against Volkswagen AG, Audi AG, and Volkswagen Group of America for manufacturing and installing defeat devices in 500,000 diesel vehicles in the United States.
In January 2016, the European Commission ("EC") fined Melco (Mitsubishi Electric) and Hitachi in a total of € 137 789 000 for participating in a cartel for alternators and starters with another firm,Denso, and breaching EU antitrust rules that operated in the European Economic Area ("EEA") between 2004 and 2010.
In September 2012, the European Commission ("EC") announced that EC officials had undertaken unannounced inspections at the premises of several providers of maritime transport services for cars and construction and agricultural rolling machinery. The Maritime Car Carrier Cartel is also known as "Roll-on/Roll-off" or "RoRo".